Form of government

Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic

and conforms with the Constitution of the Republic passed by the Grand National Assembly in July 1991. The Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria is the supreme law of the country and may not be contravened by any other law. All international treaties, which are ratified pursuant to the constitutional procedure, are considered part of domestic legislation.


The National Assembly is a unicameral parliament. It consists of 240 Members of Parliament, who are directly elected every four years. The National Assembly is a permanent acting body, directed by a board of Chairpersons, including the Speaker of the National Assembly. The Speaker of the National Assembly represents the National Assembly externally.


The head of the state is the President, who embodies the unity of the nation and represents the Republic of Bulgaria in international relations.


The Council of Ministers represents the executive branch and decides on the domestic and foreign policy of the country. The government manages the implementation of the state budget,  governs state property and approves or rescinds certain categories of international treaties as as postulated by the Constitution.